Publications

Below-ground traits mediate tree survival in a tropical dry forest restoration Werden, L. K., Averill, C., Crowther, T. W., Calderón-Morales, E., Toro, L., Alvarado, J. P., Gutiérrez, L. M., Mallory, D. E., & Powers, J. S. (2023). Below-ground traits mediate tree survival in a tropical dry forest restoration. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 378(1867), 20210067. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2021.0067
Nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacteria act as a global filter for plant establishment on islands Delavaux, C. S., Weigelt, P., Magnoli, S. M., Kreft, H., Crowther, T. W., & Bever, J. D. (2022). Nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacteria act as a global filter for plant establishment on islands. Communications Biology, 5(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-04133-x
Prevalence and drivers of abrupt vegetation shifts in global drylands Berdugo, M., Gaitán, J. J., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Crowther, T. W., & Dakos, V. (2022). Prevalence and drivers of abrupt vegetation shifts in global drylands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(43), e2123393119. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2123393119
Defending Earth’s terrestrial microbiome Averill, C., Anthony, M. A., Baldrian, P., Finkbeiner, F., van den Hoogen, J., Kiers, T., Kohout, P., Hirt, E., Smith, G. R., & Crowther, T. W. (2022). Defending Earth’s terrestrial microbiome. Nature Microbiology, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-022-01228-3
Ways forward for Machine Learning to make useful global environmental datasets from legacy observations and measurements
Ways forward for Machine Learning to make useful global environmental datasets from legacy observations and measurements. (2022). Nature Communications, 13(1), 5178. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-32693-3
Links across ecological scales: Plant biomass responses to elevated CO2 Maschler, J., Bialic-Murphy, L., Wan, J., Andresen, L. C., Zohner, C. M., Reich, P. B., Lüscher, A., Schneider, M. K., Müller, C., Moser, G., Dukes, J. S., Schmidt, I. K., Bilton, M. C., Zhu, K., & Crowther, T. W. (n.d.). Links across ecological scales: Plant biomass responses to elevated CO2. Global Change Biology, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.16351
Using ecological networks to answer questions in global biogeography and ecology
Windsor, F. M., van den Hoogen, J., Crowther, T. W., & Evans, D. M. (2022). Using ecological networks to answer questions in global biogeography and ecology. Journal of Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14447
Direct and indirect impacts of urbanization on vegetation growth across the world’s cities Zhang, L., Yang, L., Zohner, C. M., Crowther, T. W., Li, M., Shen, F., Guo, M., Qin, J., Yao, L., & Zhou, C. (2022). Direct and indirect impacts of urbanization on vegetation growth across the world’s cities. Science Advances, 8(27), eabo0095. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abo0095
Global relationships in tree functional traits Maynard, D. S., Bialic-Murphy, L., Zohner, C. M., Averill, C., van den Hoogen, J., Ma, H., Mo, L., Smith, G. R., Acosta, A. T. R., Aubin, I., Berenguer, E., Boonman, C. C. F., Catford, J. A., Cerabolini, B. E. L., Dias, A. S., González-Melo, A., Hietz, P., Lusk, C. H., Mori, A. S., … Crowther, T. W. (2022). Global relationships in tree functional traits. Nature Communications, 13(1), 3185. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30888-2
Carbon source reduction postpones autumn leaf senescence in a widespread deciduous tree Maschler, J., Keller, J., Bialic-Murphy, L., Zohner, C. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2022). Carbon source reduction postpones autumn leaf senescence in a widespread deciduous tree. Frontiers in Plant Science, 1645. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.868860
Restor: Transparency and connectivity for the global environmental movement Crowther, T. W., Thomas, S. M., van den Hoogen, J., Robmann, N., Chavarría, A., Cottam, A., Cole, R., Elliott, T., Clark, E., Max, S., Danylo, O., Rowe, C. (2022). Restor: Transparency and connectivity for the global environmental movement. One Earth, 5(5), 476–481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2022.04.003
Strategy games to improve environmental policymaking Garcia, C.A., Savilaakso, S., Verburg, R.W. et al. (2022). Strategy games to improve environmental policymaking. Nature Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-00881-0
Uniting the scales of microbial biogeochemistry with trait‐based modeling Wan, J., & Crowther, T. W. (2022). Uniting the scales of microbial biogeochemistry with trait‐based modeling. Functional Ecology. http://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.14035
The great acceleration of plant phenological shifts Vitasse, Y., Baumgarten, F., Zohner, C. M., Rutishauser, T., Pietragalla, B., Gehrig, R., ... & Sparks, T. H. (2022). The great acceleration of plant phenological shifts. Nature Climate Change, 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-022-01283-y
The number of tree species on Earth Gatti, R. C., Reich, P. B., Gamarra, J. G. P., Crowther, T., Hui, C., Morera, A., Bastin, J.-F., de-Miguel, S., Nabuurs, G.-J., Svenning, J.-C., Serra-Diaz, J. M., Merow, C., Enquist, B., Kamenetsky, M., Lee, J., Zhu, J., Fang, J., Jacobs, D. F., Pijanowski, B., … Liang, J. (2022). The number of tree species on Earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(6). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2115329119
Forest tree growth is linked to mycorrhizal fungal composition and function across Europe Anthony, M. A., Crowther, T. W., van der Linde, S., Suz, L. M., Bidartondo, M. I., Cox, F., Schaub, M., Rautio, P., Ferretti, M., Vesterdal, L., De Vos, B., Dettwiler, M., Eickenscheidt, N., Schmitz, A., Meesenburg, H., Andreae, H., Jacob, F., Dietrich, H.-P., Waldner, P., … Averill, C. (2022). Forest tree growth is linked to mycorrhizal fungal composition and function across Europe. The ISME Journal, 16(5), 1327–1336. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-021-01159-7
Increased CO2 emissions surpass reductions of non-CO2 emissions more under higher experimental warming in an alpine meadow Wang, J., Quan, Q., Chen, W., Tian, D., Ciais, P., Crowther, T. W., Mack, M. C., Poulter, B., Tian, H., Luo, Y., Wen, X., Yu, G., & Niu, S. (2021). Increased CO2 emissions surpass reductions of non-CO2 emissions more under higher experimental warming in an alpine meadow. Science of The Total Environment, 769, 144559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144559
A ‘debt' based approach to land degradation as an indicator of global change Wuepper, D., Borrelli, P., Panagos, P., Lauber, T., Crowther, T., Thomas, A., & Robinson, D. A. (2021). A ‘debt' based approach to land degradation as an indicator of global change. Global Change Biology, 27(21), 5407-5410. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15830
How changes in spring and autumn phenology translate into growth-experimental evidence of asymmetric effects Zohner, C. M., Renner, S. S., Sebald, V., & Crowther, T. W. (2021). How changes in spring and autumn phenology translate into growth-experimental evidence of asymmetric effects. Journal of Ecology, 109(7), 2717-2728. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13682
Alternative stable states of the forest mycobiome are maintained through positive feedbacks Averill, C., Fortunel, C., Maynard, D. S., van den Hoogen, J., Dietze, M. C., Bhatnagar, J. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2022). Alternative stable states of the forest mycobiome are maintained through positive feedbacks. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-022-01663-9
Using Model Analysis to Unveil Hidden Patterns in Tropical Forest Structures Picard, N., Mortier, F., Ploton, P., Liang, J., Derroire, G., Bastin, J.-F., Narayanan, A., Bénédet, F., Bosela, F., Clark, C., Crowther, T., Obiang, N., Forni, É., Harris, D., Ngomanda, A., Poulsen, J., Sonké, B., Couteron, P., & Gourlet-Fleury, S. (2021). Using Model Analysis to Unveil Hidden Patterns in Tropical Forest Structures. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2021.599200
Past climate conditions predict the influence of nitrogen enrichment on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration Tian, P., Liu, S., Zhao, X., Sun, Z., Yao, X., Niu, S., Crowther, T. W., & Wang, Q. (2021). Past climate conditions predict the influence of nitrogen enrichment on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration. Communications Earth & Environment, 2(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00324-2
Mapping tree species for restoration potential resilient to climate change (p Tiel, N. van, Lyu, L., Fopp, F., Brun, P., Hoogen, J. van den, Karger, D. N., Zimmermann, N. E., Crowther, T. W., & Pellissier, L. (2021). Mapping tree species for restoration potential resilient to climate change (p. 2021.06.04.447113). https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.06.04.447113
Lowland plant migrations into alpine ecosystems amplify soil carbon loss under climate warming (p Walker, T. W. N., Gavazov, K., Guillaume, T., Lambert, T., Mariotte, P., Routh, D., Signarbieux, C., Block, S., Münkemüller, T., Nomoto, H., Crowther, T. W., Richter, A., Buttler, A., & Alexander, J. M. (2021). Lowland plant migrations into alpine ecosystems amplify soil carbon loss under climate warming (p. 2021.07.21.453211). https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.07.21.453211
High stability and metabolic capacity of bacterial community promote the rapid reduction of easily decomposing carbon in soil Huang, R., Crowther, T. W., Sui, Y., Sun, B., & Liang, Y. (2021). High stability and metabolic capacity of bacterial community promote the rapid reduction of easily decomposing carbon in soil. Communications Biology, 4(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02907-3
Global maps of soil temperature Lembrechts, J. J., van den Hoogen, J., Aalto, J., Ashcroft, M. B., De Frenne, P., Kemppinen, J., Kopecký, M., Luoto, M., Maclean, I. M. D., Crowther, T. W., Bailey, J. J., Haesen, S., Klinges, D. H., Niittynen, P., Scheffers, B. R., Van Meerbeek, K., Aartsma, P., Abdalaze, O., Abedi, M., … Lenoir, J. (2021). Global maps of soil temperature. Global Change Biology, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.16060
The global distribution and environmental drivers of aboveground versus belowground plant biomass Ma, H., Mo, L., Crowther, T. W., Maynard, D. S., van den Hoogen, J., Stocker, B. D., Terrer, C., & Zohner, C. M. (2021). The global distribution and environmental drivers of aboveground versus belowground plant biomass. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 5(8), 1110-1122. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01485-1
Global trade-offs in tree functional traits (p Maynard, D. S., Bialic-Murphy, L., Zohner, C. M., Averill, C., van den Hoogen, J., Ma, H., Mo, L., Smith, G. R., Aubin, I., Berenguer, E., Boonman, C. C. F., Catford, J., Cerabolini, B. E. L., Dias, A. S., González-Melo, A., Hietz, P., Lusk, C. H., Mori, A. S., Niinemets, Ü., … Crowther, T. W. (2021). Global trade-offs in tree functional traits (p. 2021.09.16.458157). https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.09.16.458157
A geospatial mapping pipeline for ecologists (p Hoogen, J. van den, Robmann, N., Routh, D., Lauber, T., Tiel, N. van, Danylo, O., & Crowther, T. W. (2021). A geospatial mapping pipeline for ecologists (p. 2021.07.07.451145). https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.07.07.451145
Tracking, targeting, and conserving soil biodiversity Guerra, C. A., Bardgett, R. D., Caon, L., Crowther, T. W., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Montanarella, L., Navarro, L. M., Orgiazzi, A., Singh, B. K., Tedersoo, L., Vargas-Rojas, R., Briones, M. J. I., Buscot, F., Cameron, E. K., Cesarz, S., Chatzinotas, A., Cowan, D. A., Djukic, I., van den Hoogen, J., … Eisenhauer, N. (2021). Tracking, targeting, and conserving soil biodiversity. Science, 371(6526), 239-241. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd7926
Belowground community turnover accelerates the decomposition of standing dead wood Bradford, M. A., Maynard, D. S., Crowther, T. W., Frankson, P. T., Mohan, J. E., Steinrueck, C., Veen, G. F. (Ciska), King, J. R., & Warren II, R. J. (2021). Belowground community turnover accelerates the decomposition of standing dead wood. Ecology, 102(11), e03484. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3484
Mycorrhizal Distributions Impact Global Patterns of Carbon and Nutrient Cycling Braghiere, R. K., Fisher, J. B., Fisher, R. A., Shi, M., Steidinger, B. S., Sulman, B. N., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Yang, X., Liang, J., Peay, K. G., Crowther, T. W., & Phillips, R. P. (2021). Mycorrhizal Distributions Impact Global Patterns of Carbon and Nutrient Cycling. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(19), e2021GL094514. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL094514
Pan-tropical forest carbon storage within 350 million hectares of land Crowther, T. W., van den Hoogen, J., & Lauber, T. (2021). Pan-tropical forest carbon storage within 350 million hectares of land. Forum For Responsibility. https://www.forum-fuer-verantwortung.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/ETH-Studie_2021.pdf
Evidence for large microbial-mediated losses of soil carbon under anthropogenic warming García-Palacios, P., Crowther, T. W., Dacal, M., Hartley, I. P., Reinsch, S., Rinnan, R., Rousk, J., van den Hoogen, J., Ye, J.-S., & Bradford, M. A. (2021). Evidence for large microbial-mediated losses of soil carbon under anthropogenic warming. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 2(7), 507-517. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-021-00178-4
Fungal functional ecology: Bringing a trait-based approach to plant-associated fungi Zanne, A. E., Abarenkov, K., Afkhami, M. E., Aguilar-Trigueros, C. A., Bates, S., Bhatnagar, J. M., Busby, P. E., Christian, N., Cornwell, W. K., Crowther, T. W., Flores-Moreno, H., Floudas, D., Gazis, R., Hibbett, D., Kennedy, P., Lindner, D. L., Maynard, D. S., Milo, A. M., Nilsson, R. H., … Treseder, K. K. (2020). Fungal functional ecology: Bringing a trait-based approach to plant-associated fungi. Biological Reviews, 95(2), 409-433. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12570
Interactive climate factors restrict future increases in spring productivity of temperate and boreal trees Zohner, C. M., Mo, L., Pugh, T. A. M., Bastin, J.-F., & Crowther, T. W. (2020). Interactive climate factors restrict future increases in spring productivity of temperate and boreal trees. Global Change Biology, 26(7), 4042-4055. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15098
Late-spring frost risk between 1959 and 2017 decreased in North America but increased in Europe and Asia Zohner, C. M., Mo, L., Renner, S. S., Svenning, J.-C., Vitasse, Y., Benito, B. M., Ordonez, A., Baumgarten, F., Bastin, J.-F., Sebald, V., Reich, P. B., Liang, J., Nabuurs, G.-J., de-Miguel, S., Alberti, G., Antón-Fernández, C., Balazy, R., Brändli, U.-B., Chen, H. Y. H., … Crowther, T. W. (2020). Late-spring frost risk between 1959 and 2017 decreased in North America but increased in Europe and Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(22), 12192-12200. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1920816117
Building a global database of soil microbial biomass and function: A call for collaboration Smith, G. R., Crowther, T. W., Eisenhauer, N., & van den Hoogen, J. (2020). Building a global database of soil microbial biomass and function: A call for collaboration. Soil Organisms, 91(3), 139-142. https://doi.org/10.25674/so91iss3pp140
A global database of soil nematode abundance and functional group composition van den Hoogen, J., Geisen, S., Wall, D. H., Wardle, D. A., Traunspurger, W., de Goede, R. G. M., Adams, B. J., Ahmad, W., Ferris, H., Bardgett, R. D., Bonkowski, M., Campos-Herrera, R., Cares, J. E., Caruso, T., de Brito Caixeta, L., Chen, X., Costa, S. R., Creamer, R., da Cunha e Castro, J. M., … Crowther, T. W. (2020). A global database of soil nematode abundance and functional group composition. Scientific Data, 7(1), 103. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0437-3
The biogeography of soil fungal and bacterial biomass is tied to the efficiency of decomposition at global scale Yu, K., Hoogen, J. V. D., Wang, Z., Averill, C., Routh, D., Smith, G. R., Drenovsky, R., Scow, K., Mo, F., Waldrop, M., Yang, Y., Vries, F. D., Bardgett, R., Manning, P., Bastida, F., Baer, S., Bach, E., García, C., Wang, Q., … Crowther, T. (2020). The biogeography of soil fungal and bacterial biomass is tied to the efficiency of decomposition at global scale. https://doi.org/10.22541/au.158514379.96037923
Increased growing-season productivity drives earlier autumn leaf senescence in temperate trees Zani, D., Crowther, T. W., Mo, L., Renner, S. S., & Zohner, C. M. (2020). Increased growing-season productivity drives earlier autumn leaf senescence in temperate trees. Science, 370(6520), 1066-1071. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd8911
Summer average urban-rural surface temperature differences do not indicate the need for urban heat reduction Manoli, G., Fatichi, S., Schläpfer, M., Yu, K., Crowther, T. W., Meili, N., Burlando, P., Katul, G., & Zeid, E. B. (2020). Reply to Martilli et al. (2020): Summer average urban-rural surface temperature differences do not indicate the need for urban heat reduction. OSF Preprints. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/mwpna
How plastic mulching affects net primary productivity, soil C fluxes and organic carbon balance in dry agroecosystems in China Mo, F., Yu, K.-L., Crowther, T. W., Wang, J.-Y., Zhao, H., Xiong, Y.-C., & Liao, Y.-C. (2020). How plastic mulching affects net primary productivity, soil C fluxes and organic carbon balance in dry agroecosystems in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, 121470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121470
Ten years to restore a planet Mrema, E. M., Crowther, T. W., Mathai, W., Brooks, T., Archibald, S., Brancalion, P., Barbier, E. B., Obura, D., Reyes-García, V., Bond, W. J., Koh, L. P., Christophersen, T., & Brondizio, E. S. (2020). Ten years to restore a planet. One Earth, 3(6), 647-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.11.015
Nutrient availability controls the impact of mammalian herbivores on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in grasslands Sitters, J., Wubs, E. R. J., Bakker, E. S., Crowther, T. W., Adler, P. B., Bagchi, S., Bakker, J. D., Biederman, L., Borer, E. T., Cleland, E. E., Eisenhauer, N., Firn, J., Gherardi, L., Hagenah, N., Hautier, Y., Hobbie, S. E., Knops, J. M. H., MacDougall, A. S., McCulley, R. L., … Veen, G. F. (Ciska). (2020). Nutrient availability controls the impact of mammalian herbivores on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in grasslands. Global Change Biology, 26(4), 2060-2071. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15023
Mapping carbon accumulation potential from global natural forest regrowth Cook-Patton, S. C., Leavitt, S. M., Gibbs, D., Harris, N. L., Lister, K., Anderson-Teixeira, K. J., Briggs, R. D., Chazdon, R. L., Crowther, T. W., Ellis, P. W., Griscom, H. P., Herrmann, V., Holl, K. D., Houghton, R. A., Larrosa, C., Lomax, G., Lucas, R., Madsen, P., Malhi, Y., … Griscom, B. W. (2020). Mapping carbon accumulation potential from global natural forest regrowth. Nature, 585(7826), 545-550. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2686-x
The emergence of trait-based approaches in fungal ecology Crowther, T. W. (2020). The emergence of trait-based approaches in fungal ecology. Fungal Ecology, 46, 100946. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2020.100946
SoilTemp: A global database of near-surface temperature Lembrechts, J. J., Aalto, J., Ashcroft, M. B., De Frenne, P., Kopecký, M., Lenoir, J., Luoto, M., Maclean, I. M. D., Roupsard, O., Fuentes-Lillo, E., García, R. A., Pellissier, L., Pitteloud, C., Alatalo, J. M., Smith, S. W., Björk, R. G., Muffler, L., Ratier Backes, A., Cesarz, S., … Nijs, I. (2020). SoilTemp: A global database of near-surface temperature. Global Change Biology, 26(11), 6616-6629. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15123
A trait-based understanding of wood decomposition by fungi Lustenhouwer, N., Maynard, D. S., Bradford, M. A., Lindner, D. L., Oberle, B., Zanne, A. E., & Crowther, T. W. (2020). A trait-based understanding of wood decomposition by fungi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(21), 11551-11558. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1909166117
Distinct Assembly Processes and Microbial Communities Constrain Soil Organic Carbon Formation Anthony, M. A., Crowther, T. W., Maynard, D. S., van den Hoogen, J., & Averill, C. (2020). Distinct Assembly Processes and Microbial Communities Constrain Soil Organic Carbon Formation. One Earth, 2(4), 349-360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.03.006
Climate change impacts on mycorrhizae amplify nitrogen limitation on global plant growth (world) [Preprint] Braghiere, R. K., Fisher, J., Fisher, R. A., Shi, M., Steidinger, B. N., Sulman, B. N., Soudzilovskaia, N., Yang, X., Liang, J., Peay, K. G., Crowther, T. W., & Phillips, R. P. (2020, September 18). Climate change impacts on mycorrhizae amplify nitrogen limitation on global plant growth (world) [Preprint]. Earth and Space Science Open Archive; Earth and Space Science Open Archive. https://doi.org/10.1002/essoar.10504333.1
Recent deforestation drove the spike in Amazonian fires Cardil, A., de-Miguel, S., Silva, C. A., Reich, P. B., Calkin, D., Brancalion, P. H. S., Vibrans, A. C., Gamarra, J. G. P., Zhou, M., Pijanowski, B. C., Hui, C., Crowther, T. W., Hérault, B., Piotto, D., Salas-Eljatib, C., Broadbent, E. N., Zambrano, A. M. A., Picard, N., Aragão, L. E. O. C., … Liang, J. (2020). Recent deforestation drove the spike in Amazonian fires. Environmental Research Letters, 15(12), 121003. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abcac7
Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale van den Hoogen, J., Geisen, S., Routh, D., Ferris, H., Traunspurger, W., Wardle, D. A., de Goede, R. G. M., Adams, B. J., Ahmad, W., Andriuzzi, W. S., Bardgett, R. D., Bonkowski, M., Campos-Herrera, R., Cares, J. E., Caruso, T., de Brito Caixeta, L., Chen, X., Costa, S. R., Creamer, R., … Crowther, T. W. (2019). Soil nematode abundance and functional group composition at a global scale. Nature, 572(7768), 194-198. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1418-6
The scaling of fine root nitrogen versus phosphorus in terrestrial plants: A global synthesis Wang, Z., Yu, K., Lv, S., Niklas, K. J., Mipam, T. D., Crowther, T. W., Umaña, M. N., Zhao, Q., Huang, H., & Reich, P. B. (2019). The scaling of fine root nitrogen versus phosphorus in terrestrial plants: A global synthesis. Functional Ecology, 33(11), 2081-2094. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13434
Land surface black-sky albedo at a fixed solar zenith angle and its relation to forest structure during peak growing season based on remote sensing data Alibakhshi, S., Crowther, T. W., & Naimi, B. (2020). Land surface black-sky albedo at a fixed solar zenith angle and its relation to forest structure during peak growing season based on remote sensing data. Data in Brief, 31, 105720. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105720
Quantitative analysis of the links between forest structure and land surface albedo on a global scale Alibakhshi, S., Naimi, B., Hovi, A., Crowther, T. W., & Rautiainen, M. (2020). Quantitative analysis of the links between forest structure and land surface albedo on a global scale. Remote Sensing of Environment, 246, 111854. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2020.111854
Global distribution of earthworm diversity Phillips, H. R. P., Guerra, C. A., Bartz, M. L. C., Briones, M. J. I., Brown, G., Crowther, T. W., Ferlian, O., Gongalsky, K. B., van den Hoogen, J., Krebs, J., Orgiazzi, A., Routh, D., Schwarz, B., Bach, E. M., Bennett, J. M., Brose, U., Decaëns, T., König-Ries, B., Loreau, M., … Eisenhauer, N. (2019). Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science, 366(6464), 480-485. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax4851
Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses Steidinger, B. S., Crowther, T. W., Liang, J., Van Nuland, M. E., Werner, G. D. A., Reich, P. B., Nabuurs, G. J., de-Miguel, S., Zhou, M., Picard, N., Herault, B., Zhao, X., Zhang, C., Routh, D., & Peay, K. G. (2019). Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. Nature, 569(7756), 404-408. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0
Chapter 8—Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon Tang, J., Bradford, M. A., Carey, J., Crowther, T. W., Machmuller, M. B., Mohan, J. E., & Todd-Brown, K. (2019). Chapter 8—Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon. In J. E. Mohan (Ed.), Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming (pp. 175-208). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813493-1.00009-0
Sapwood biomass carbon in northern boreal and temperate forests Thurner, M., Beer, C., Crowther, T., Falster, D., Manzoni, S., Prokushkin, A., & Schulze, E.-D. (2019). Sapwood biomass carbon in northern boreal and temperate forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(5), 640-660. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12883
The Importance of Consistent Global Forest Aboveground Biomass Product Validation Duncanson, L., Armston, J., Disney, M., Avitabile, V., Barbier, N., Calders, K., Carter, S., Chave, J., Herold, M., Crowther, T. W., Falkowski, M., Kellner, J. R., Labrière, N., Lucas, R., MacBean, N., McRoberts, R. E., Meyer, V., Næsset, E., Nickeson, J. E., … Williams, M. (2019). The Importance of Consistent Global Forest Aboveground Biomass Product Validation. Surveys in Geophysics, 40(4), 979-999. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-019-09538-8
Climate warming alters subsoil but not topsoil carbon dynamics in alpine grassland Jia, J., Cao, Z., Liu, C., Zhang, Z., Lin, L., Wang, Y., Haghipour, N., Wacker, L., Bao, H., Dittmar, T., Simpson, M. J., Yang, H., Crowther, T. W., Eglinton, T. I., He, J.-S., & Feng, X. (2019). Climate warming alters subsoil but not topsoil carbon dynamics in alpine grassland. Global Change Biology, 25(12), 4383-4393. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14823
Magnitude of urban heat islands largely explained by climate and population Manoli, G., Fatichi, S., Schläpfer, M., Yu, K., Crowther, T. W., Meili, N., Burlando, P., Katul, G. G., & Bou-Zeid, E. (2019). Magnitude of urban heat islands largely explained by climate and population. Nature, 573(7772), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1512-9
Consistent trade-offs in fungal trait expression across broad spatial scales Maynard, D. S., Bradford, M. A., Covey, K. R., Lindner, D., Glaeser, J., Talbert, D. A., Tinker, P. J., Walker, D. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2019). Consistent trade-offs in fungal trait expression across broad spatial scales. Nature Microbiology, 4(5), 846-853. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-019-0361-5
Scientists' warning to humanity: Microorganisms and climate change Cavicchioli, R., Ripple, W. J., Timmis, K. N., Azam, F., Bakken, L. R., Baylis, M., Behrenfeld, M. J., Boetius, A., Boyd, P. W., Classen, A. T., Crowther, T. W., Danovaro, R., Foreman, C. M., Huisman, J., Hutchins, D. A., Jansson, J. K., Karl, D. M., Koskella, B., Mark Welch, D. B., … Webster, N. S. (2019). Scientists' warning to humanity: Microorganisms and climate change. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 17(9), 569-586. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-019-0222-5
Sensitivity of global soil carbon stocks to combined nutrient enrichment Crowther, T. W., Riggs, C., Lind, E. M., Borer, E. T., Seabloom, E. W., Hobbie, S. E., Wubs, J., Adler, P. B., Firn, J., Gherardi, L., Hagenah, N., Hofmockel, K. S., Knops, J. M. H., McCulley, R. L., MacDougall, A. S., Peri, P. L., Prober, S. M., Stevens, C. J., & Routh, D. (2019). Sensitivity of global soil carbon stocks to combined nutrient enrichment. Ecology Letters, 22(6), 936-945. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13258
The global soil community and its influence on biogeochemistry Crowther, T. W., van den Hoogen, J., Wan, J., Mayes, M. A., Keiser, A. D., Mo, L., Averill, C., & Maynard, D. S. (2019). The global soil community and its influence on biogeochemistry. Science, 365(6455), eaav0550. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav0550
Handbook for the measurement of macrofungal functional traits: A start with basidiomycete wood fungi Dawson, S. K., Boddy, L., Halbwachs, H., Bässler, C., Andrew, C., Crowther, T. W., Heilmann-Clausen, J., Nordén, J., Ovaskainen, O., & Jönsson, M. (2019). Handbook for the measurement of macrofungal functional traits: A start with basidiomycete wood fungi. Functional Ecology, 33(3), 372-387. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13239
Cross-biome patterns in soil microbial respiration predictable from evolutionary theory on thermal adaptation Bradford, M. A., McCulley, R. L., Crowther, T. W., Oldfield, E. E., Wood, S. A., & Fierer, N. (2019). Cross-biome patterns in soil microbial respiration predictable from evolutionary theory on thermal adaptation. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3(2), 223-231. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0771-4
Forest restoration: Transformative trees—Response Bastin, J.-F., Finegold, Y., Garcia, C., Mollicone, D., Rezende, M., Routh, D., Zohner, C. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2019). Forest restoration: Transformative trees—Response. Science, 366(6463), 317-317. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz2148
Response to Comment on "The global tree restoration potential" Bastin, J.-F., Finegold, Y., Garcia, C., Mollicone, D., Rezende, M., Routh, D., Zohner, C. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2019). Response to Comment on "The global tree restoration potential." Science, 366(6469), eaaz0493. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz0493
Understanding climate change from a global analysis of city analogues Bastin, J.-F., Clark, E., Elliott, T., Hart, S., Hoogen, J. van den, Hordijk, I., Ma, H., Majumder, S., Manoli, G., Maschler, J., Mo, L., Routh, D., Yu, K., Zohner, C. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2019). Understanding climate change from a global analysis of city analogues. PLOS ONE, 14(7), e0217592. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217592
Response to Comments on "The global tree restoration potential" Bastin, J.-F., Finegold, Y., Garcia, C., Gellie, N., Lowe, A., Mollicone, D., Rezende, M., Routh, D., Sacande, M., Sparrow, B., Zohner, C. M., & Crowther, T. W. (2019). Response to Comments on "The global tree restoration potential." Science, 366(6463), eaay8108. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay8108
Intransitive competition is common across five major taxonomic groups and is driven by productivity, competitive rank and functional traits Soliveres, S., Lehmann, A., Boch, S., Altermatt, F., Carrara, F., Crowther, T. W., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Kempel, A., Maynard, D. S., Rillig, M. C., Singh, B. K., Trivedi, P., & Allan, E. (2018). Intransitive competition is common across five major taxonomic groups and is driven by productivity, competitive rank and functional traits. Journal of Ecology, 106(3), 852-864. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12959
Field-warmed soil carbon changes imply high 21st-century modeling uncertainty Todd-Brown, K., Zheng, B., & Crowther, T. W. (2018). Field-warmed soil carbon changes imply high 21st-century modeling uncertainty. Biogeosciences, 15(12), 3659-3671. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-3659-2018
A salamander's top down effect on fungal communities in a detritivore ecosystem Walker, D. M., Murray, C. M., Talbert, D., Tinker, P., Graham, S. P., & Crowther, T. W. (2018). A salamander's top down effect on fungal communities in a detritivore ecosystem. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 94(12), fiy168. https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiy168
Substrate identity and amount overwhelm temperature effects on soil carbon formation Oldfield, E. E., Crowther, T. W., & Bradford, M. A. (2018). Substrate identity and amount overwhelm temperature effects on soil carbon formation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 124, 218-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.06.014
Detecting macroecological patterns in bacterial communities across independent studies of global soils Ramirez, K. S., Knight, C. G., de Hollander, M., Brearley, F. Q., Constantinides, B., Cotton, A., Creer, S., Crowther, T. W., Davison, J., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Dorrepaal, E., Elliott, D. R., Fox, G., Griffiths, R. I., Hale, C., Hartman, K., Houlden, A., Jones, D. L., Krab, E. J., … de Vries, F. T. (2018). Detecting macroecological patterns in bacterial communities across independent studies of global soils. Nature Microbiology, 3(2), 189-196. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-017-0062-x
A global test of ecoregions Smith, J. R., Letten, A. D., Ke, P.-J., Anderson, C. B., Hendershot, J. N., Dhami, M. K., Dlott, G. A., Grainger, T. N., Howard, M. E., Morrison, B. M. L., Routh, D., San Juan, P. A., Mooney, H. A., Mordecai, E. A., Crowther, T. W., & Daily, G. C. (2018). A global test of ecoregions. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(12), 1889-1896. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0709-x
Monitoring global tree mortality patterns and trends Hartmann, H., Schuldt, B., Sanders, T. G. M., Macinnis-Ng, C., Boehmer, H. J., Allen, C. D., Bolte, A., Crowther, T. W., Hansen, M. C., Medlyn, B. E., Ruehr, N. K., & Anderegg, W. R. L. (2018). Monitoring global tree mortality patterns and trends. Report from the VW symposium ‘Crossing scales and disciplines to identify global trends of tree mortality as indicators of forest health.' New Phytologist, 217(3), 984-987. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14988
Internet Blogs, Polar Bears, and Climate-Change Denial by Proxy Harvey, J. A., van den Berg, D., Ellers, J., Kampen, R., Crowther, T. W., Roessingh, P., Verheggen, B., Nuijten, R. J. M., Post, E., Lewandowsky, S., Stirling, I., Balgopal, M., Amstrup, S. C., & Mann, M. E. (2018). Internet Blogs, Polar Bears, and Climate-Change Denial by Proxy. BioScience, 68(4), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix133
Species associations overwhelm abiotic conditions to dictate the structure and function of wood-decay fungal communities Maynard, D. S., Covey, K. R., Crowther, T. W., Sokol, N. W., Morrison, E. W., Frey, S. D., van Diepen, L. T. A., & Bradford, M. A. (2018). Species associations overwhelm abiotic conditions to dictate the structure and function of wood-decay fungal communities. Ecology, 99(4), 801-811. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2165
More Data But No New Answers Crowther, T. W., Machmuller, M. B., Carey, J. C., Allison, S. D., Blair, J. M., Bridgham, S. D., Burton, A. J., Dijkstra, F. A., Elberling, B., Estiarte, M., Larsen, K. S., Laudon, H., Lupascu, M., Marhan, S., Mohan, J., Niu, S., J. Peñuelas, J., Schmidt, I. K., Templer, P. H., … Bradford, M. A. (2018). More Data But No New Answers; Crowther et al. Reply. Nature, 554(7693), E7-E8. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25746
Navigating the unfolding open data landscape in ecology and evolution Culina, A., Baglioni, M., Crowther, T. W., Visser, M. E., Woutersen-Windhouwer, S., & Manghi, P. (2018). Navigating the unfolding open data landscape in ecology and evolution. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(3), 420-426. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0458-2
How to do meta-analysis of open datasets Culina, A., Crowther, T. W., Ramakers, J. J. C., Gienapp, P., & Visser, M. E. (2018). How to do meta-analysis of open datasets. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(7), 1053-1056. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0579-2
A trillion trees Goymer, P. (2018). A trillion trees. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(2), 208-209. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0464-z
Climate shapes the protein abundance of dominant soil bacteria Bastida, F., Crowther, T. W., Prieto, I., Routh, D., García, C., & Jehmlich, N. (2018). Climate shapes the protein abundance of dominant soil bacteria. Science of The Total Environment, 640-641, 18-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.288
The use of artificial media in fungal ecology Crowther, T. W., Boddy, L., & Maynard, D. S. (2018). The use of artificial media in fungal ecology. Fungal Ecology, 32, 87-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2017.10.007